The Internet is haunted by readily memeable misquotes and misattributions of quotes. Among the ever growing detritus of fabricated and seemingly sagacious sayings is a quote wrongly attributed to the eighteenth-century French radical Enlightenment philosopher Voltaire, which reads something like this: “I disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it.”
This quote, which was actually invented by one of Voltaire’s biographers, Evelyn Beatrice Hall, in the early twentieth century, nonetheless encapsulates the seemingly noble idea of freedom of speech, which, for better or worse, was one of the foundation stones of not

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