Fifty years after its promulgation, Pope
Paul VI’s Encyclical, Humanae Vitae, is viewed by the people of today in a
completely different way: in 1968, it was considered a courageous document —
and therefore controversial — that ran contrary to the attitude of that time, a
time of sexual revolution in which reliable contraceptives and access to
abortion were essential. In those days, economists spoke of the “population
bomb” as well, that is, the danger of overpopulation that threatened wealthy
nations, decreasing their prosperity.Two powerful forces, therefore, aligned
themselves against the Encyclical: the ideal of happiness that the sexual
revolution promised to everyone, and wealth, which was the logical

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