After two hundred years of a very dark time, the church struggles into reform. The German kings prompt the reform by appointing good popes, but it backfires when the popes clash with the kings over the question of who appoints the bishops, priests and abbots. Popes Leo IX and Gregory VII assert papal power and by the end of the century the church is free from secular control.
If you are enjoying these podcasts I encourage you to listen to my new series Stories of the Unexpected. In each episode I tell a story of the supernatural, the miraculous or marvelous and reflect

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